Our fertility experts at RSMC fertility clinic, California have done extensive research regarding male infertility. Studies have confirmed what many fertility specialists have been suspecting for some time now. There has been a dramatic increase in the levels of male infertility. We’re going to take a look at some possible factors & implications based on the results of several studies. We will also explore the best treatment options available.
What Are the Key Findings of Semen Quality Research?
Multiple studies have shown that the proportion of men at risk of facing infertility and requiring fertility treatments has significantly increased in the last 15 years. In 2004, the ratio was 12.4% and has now increased to 22.8% in 2019. This shows a significant rise in a little over a decade. The sudden increase in male fertility also represents an alarming development in male infertility. A Research took place to provide an evaluation of semen analyses for over 100,000 men. The participants of the research study were men who got treatment in IVF clinics across the globe over different periods of time. We examined The total mobile sperm count (TMSC), which is the most important factor affecting the probability of achieving pregnancy.
The study divided data obtained from the sample of men into three different groups based on total mobile sperm count:
- Greater than 15 million sperm per milliliter – normally men in this group don’t require fertility treatment.
- Between 5 and 15 million sperm per milliliter – requires a simple type of assisted fertility treatment such as artificial insemination.
- Fewer than 5 million sperm per milliliter – would require assisted reproduction treatments in the form of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), to achieve a pregnancy.
How We Used This Research to Help Couples and Individuals?
Increased research has led to technological advances and techniques in terms of fertility tests & treatments for men. This has enabled our California based fertility clinic to make great improvements in the medical field. This is why we’ve been able to take on some of the toughest fertility cases and help individuals and couples fulfill their dream of starting their own family.
What Has Caused Male Fertility to Decline?
Many studies have been conducted and extensive research is done to determine the exact reason. But to put it simply, we still don’t know the exact reason. Although it is assumed that environmental changes and lifestyle factors are the key indicators in the decline of sperm motility.
Research has indicated that certain lifestyle choices and exposure to a negative environment has an adverse effect on sperm quality. The only thing unknown is how harmful these factors are. Given that the causes of infertility are based on speculation, the demand for a more accurate research on these factors is increasing. In the meantime, we always advise that men pay attention to lifestyle factors and healthy living. Factors may include a healthy diet, adequate exercise and plenty of sleep. Also, avoiding harmful substances like cigarettes and alcohol can help lower the chances of infertility.
How to Check Male Fertility Level?
There are sperm testing kits available that can be used at home to determine fertility level of men. However, they only give a general picture of the quantity. In most cases they do not give any information on the most important factor, which is sperm motility. The best option is to go to your local fertility clinic. The clinic will analyze your semen sample in a laboratory to check the quality and quantity of your sperm. You will have the results usually within a week. If the results are abnormal, than next steps can be discussed.
What Treatments are Available for Male Infertility?
At Reproductive Science Medical Center we work towards identifying the problem as well as providing a complete solution. Suitable treatment option depends on how severe the case is. Here are some of the available treatment options for male infertility:
Artificial Insemination (IUI)
IUI is the least invasive fertility treatment. During an IUI procedure, washed and prepared sperm is placed near the egg inside the uterus during an ovulation cycle. Fertility specialists may also use drugs help track ovulation and increase chances of success. The timing of insemination is critical due to the short length of an ovulation cycle and the life span of sperm. It is a usual recommendation in case of a borderline low sperm count, low sperm quality or poor mobility.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), is the process by which eggs are removed from the ovaries and undergo fertilization in a laboratory culture dish (in vitro). The IVF process also includes ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, and egg/embryo freezing.
Unlike, IUI, In Vitro Fertilization involves additional steps. These include egg retrieval, embryo creation, and embryo transfer. IVF may be recommended if there are low sperm counts or sperm has the inability to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI- pronounced ick-see) takes place during IVF. A single sperm cell is injected directly into the cytoplasm of the egg. This reduces the dependence on the strength and motility of the sperm. Nearly half of all IVF treatments involve ICSI, since it is the most successful treatment for male fertility. ICSI increases the chance of pregnancy because it maximizes the chance of fertilization by eliminating any issues for the sperm’s ability to reach the egg.
Finding Out More About Fertility Treatment Options Available at RSMC
Studies show that one in five men are at risk of infertility and requires proper fertility tests & treatments. If you or your partner are facing infertility issues, you can visit our website to find useful information on available treatment options. You can also give us a call 858-436—7186 to schedule a free consultation with RSMC fertility clinic, California.